The chard it is a plant that can be acquired in different recipes. Likewise, it is also a well-known (and ingested) plant for its nutritional properties and for the medicinal properties it provides to our body.
The name of the chard It comes from an Arabic word «acilca» and it is one of the oldest known vegetables, it is also one of those that has a consumption as old as man, dating back six millennia.
What is it and what are its properties?
The chard It is a plant that has been used as a vegetable for approximately six millennia. It is known by its botanical name «Beta vulgaris var» and its name itself comes from an Arabic word (acilca).
This plant is a relative of the beet and is characterized by having large, broad and completely green leaves; what can vary from them are their nerves and the percolo that can be white, orange or yellow.
According to different researchers, the origin of this plant can be dated to the Asian continent and it is currently widely cultivated in Islamic countries, especially for its healing properties.
Likewise, from the chard There are three types: common, also known as white chard, forage and wild, which can be grown throughout the year regardless of the season.
Regarding their properties, we can highlight that it is considered a nutritious food which, with a single consumption, is providing 38 calories and covers 27% of the potassium needs of the body.
The chard it also has 30% of calcium, iron and half of magnesium for the body; It has 100% vitamin C, 25% vitamin E and two thirds of the vitamin A required by any body.
They are a good option for antioxidants, cleansers and a low calorie option, as previously expressed; These plants also contain oxalates, so when ingested, they must be boiled (these are harmful for those with kidney stones).
Finally, compared to spinach, the chard It far exceeds it with magnesium, provitamin A and folic acid, as well as manages to equal it in terms of vitamin B1 and B12.
Many scientists indicate that our ancestors intuited some of the properties that this plant contains, so when consuming it they did it through stews or simply used the chard To accompany cereals and tubers.
Likewise, they also indicated that they paid attention to the needs of the body in terms of the nutrients it needed, so they also used this plant to flavor their meals. Here are some of its benefits for the body:
- Strengthens the bones
Thanks to the different nutrients that it has between its properties and its amounts of calcium, it is an excellent option to maintain healthy bones and to strengthen them, especially those people who do not consume dairy products.
The chard It is a good option to help the body lose extra kilos due to its low calorie levels since it is a nutritious food that when consumed, helps to quickly satisfy the body’s appetite.
For this, they can be prepared boiled, sautéed or even seasoned with oil and lemon, constituting a light and satisfying dish for those who are on a diet.
- Fight constipation
Being a plant very rich in natural fibers, it greatly helps the body in terms of its intestinal transit, as well as helps to soften the intestinal tract due to its emollient power.
Likewise, thanks to these digestive properties, they are ideal plants for those who have hemorrhoid problems or gastritis problems. On the other hand, they can also be used to treat urinary tract infections and dermatosis.
- Fight anemia
Especially ideal for treating iron deficiency anemia due to its large amounts of iron and the presence of copper. Likewise, this iron is better absorbed by the body due to the presence of vitamin C that this plant has.
- Help during pregnancy
This is because the chard It has folic acid and vitamin B9, as well as folates, which are very helpful so that the fetus can develop better with regard to its nervous system and spina bifida.
- Maintains heart health
The chard It not only allows the heart to enjoy good health but also helps prevent cardiovascular diseases thanks to its amounts of potassium which also helps maintain water balance.
- Improves circulation
In addition to improving blood circulation, it is ideal for hypertension which in turn prevents heart attacks caused by clots in the arteries, as well as can help to level the amount of sugar in the blood.
All this thanks to the chard It is a food highly rich in magnesium and this mineral, together with calcium and phosphorus, can help the body in all these aspects, as well as help with depressive problems.
- Helps eye health
Among its components not mentioned, the chard It is rich in beta carotene which impacts the health of the eye by reducing macular degeneration, reducing night blindness, glaucoma and reducing almost all eye problems.
- Renew cells
This thanks to the chard It helps to eliminate glucose from the blood through the regeneration of beta cells which are responsible for stimulating the secretion of insulin in the body, being an excellent option to treat diabetes as well.
- Develop mental health
As mentioned, these plants are rich in folates which are ideal for stimulating and caring for brain health. These folates are a group of B-complex vitamins and which are recommended to reduce mental deterioration.