The date It is a fruit that has totally unique characteristics, it is also part of the group of dried fruits (such as: grapes, prunes and apricot dried apricots), but unlike the previous ones, this fruit ripens and it dries on its own on the plant itself.
So, if you are interested in discovering its benefits, properties, use, contraindications and also knowing the characteristics of the tree that produces it, do not miss this article and continue reading.
What is the date?
The date It comes from the Greek term dactyls, which means little fingers. Basically, it is a small fruit of 4 or 8 centimeters, it is red, yellow, amber or golden in color. It also has an elongated bone inside and is characterized by being soft, wrinkled, aromatic, sweet and chewy.
The producing countries of this important fruit are: Iran, Iraq, Egypt, Saudi Arabia, Algeria, Pakistan, United Arab Emirates, Oman, China, Libya, Tunisia, Israel, Yemen, Morocco, Turkey, United States, Turkey and Kuwait.
What are the properties of the date or dates?
The dates They have multiple properties that are beneficial for humans (such as: diuretic, antioxidant, astringent, anti-inflammatory and among others). Because this fruit contains the following minerals: Calcium, iron, magnesium, manganese, phosphorus, potassium, sodium, zinc, iodine and selenium.
It also contains the following vitamins: A (Retinol), B1 (Thiamine), B2 (Riboflavin), B3 (Niacin), B5 (Pantothenic acid), B6 (Pyridoxine), C (Abscorbic acid), E, K, acid folic and oleic acid. Lastly, it contains carbohydrates, fat, fiber, protein, water, sugar, and dietary fiber.
Date tree and origin
The tree that produces the date It is the date palm, which has the scientific name Phoenix Dactylera. This variety of palm tree is characterized by having an erect trunk (about 30 meters high and 50 centimeters in diameter), it also has large, light green, spiny leaves that cover it completely.
It should be noted that this forest is of tropical and warm climates. The origin of this fruit plant is totally unknown, however, it is mentioned many times in the Bible and that is why it is very old. It is said that it was discovered in 1963 and then its plantation moved to the Persian Gulf, Africa and Egypt.
Benefits of dates
The dates They have the following benefits: helps move waste through the colon, protects cardiovascular health (by preventing the absorption of bad cholesterol), helps control heart rate and blood pressure, fights inflammation and infection.
At the same time, this fruit protects and maintains healthy eyes, skin and mucous membranes, helps prevent excessive bleeding, strengthens bones, helps the body metabolize fats, proteins and carbohydrates, it also has a laxative effect.
Likewise the date Helps prevent strokes, prostate, breast, colon, pancreatic, lung, and endometrial cancer. In the same way, it is an excellent source of energy, since it fights tiredness and fatigue. It also relieves constipation, fights anemia, and regulates the nervous system.
On the other hand, it increases mental agility, fights stress, falls asleep and prevents insomnia. Finally, it is considered a natural aphrodisiac, in short, it increases sexual potency, increases the sperm count and their mobility.
Use of dates
The date It is a delicious, unique and nutritious fruit that can be used to prepare jams, cakes, puddings, ice creams, juices and butters. Many people even combine them with other fruits such as walnuts or almonds, to eat them as snacks.
In the same way they can be consumed in salads, distillates, candies and fillings. In many other countries such as India it is used to make curries and in the Middle East to make wine. On the other hand, athletes consume it as a snack, that is, alone or in energy bars.
In short, dates They are nuts that can be used in any type of sweet dishes or in baking, because it substitutes other ingredients such as sugar or eggs.
Contraindications of dates
As mentioned throughout the article, this fruit is magnificent by itself, however, it does have some contraindications. Because it contains too high levels of fructose, if you eat too much it damages your health. Therefore, it is not suitable for diabetics, those who suffer from kidney or stomach failure.
He too date If consumed in huge quantities, it causes the following discomforts in people: headaches or migraines, hyperkalemia or arrhythmias, skin reactions and digestive disorders (such as diarrhea, gas and stomach pain).
The varieties of dates that exist
The varieties of these fruits that exist in the world are based on their texture, consistency and ripening period, which obviously affect their flavor. For this reason, they are classified as follows: soft (they are sweeter), semi-dry (not too sweet) and dry (only a little sweet). Get to know them all below!
- The first variety of dates They are the Medjool, which are characterized by being soft, sugary, with a smooth texture, moist, tender and juicy. It is the most used in pastry dishes.
- The second variety is the Deglet Noor, they stand out for being semi-dry, they have a firm flesh, and their flavor is between salty and sweet. This is usually found more in the markets.
- The third variety of date It is the one called Khadrawy, it is characterized by being the smallest, although this does not prevent it from being very sweet and above all juicy.
- The fourth variety is the famous Halawy, its flavor is like that of butter candies, for that reason, it differs from the others. It is another of the most used in the kitchen.
- The fifth variety of dates They are the Barhi, they stand out for having a pale yellow color and this is usually consumed fresh, that is, without drying. They are one of the most difficult to find in the markets. The other varieties are the Zahidi and the Mozafati.