Fruits that start with g
Among the fruits whose name begins with the letter ‘g’ it is customary to mention some of the most popular ones such as currant, guava and pomegranate; but others of great nutritional and medicinal value are forgotten or unknown.
In America there is a whole vegetable universe still veiled for Europeans; highlights a number of fruit trees that could either provide food or serve as therapeutic resources, covering a wide spectrum of ailments.
To the list of fruits, recognized worldwide, we can add the name of others originating from the new continent, such as:
This name, in America, refers to a certain variety of cherry, which is also called semeruca or semeruco, acerola, cherry and manzanita; native to Central America, the Antilles, and the humid tropics of South America.
Among the qualities of the so-called Antillean cherry, it is a fruit that contains a quantity of vitamin C much higher than that of any other fruit that nature can offer.
Along with vitamin C, it is possible to find antioxidant components in this wonderful fruit, including phenols, tannins and carotenoids; all in great proportion, for the benefit of the health of those who consume them.
The use of the cherry (acerola) in the kitchen includes jams, jellies, sweets, juices, juices, spirits, liqueurs. This fruit can be eaten fresh, making sure it is ripe; since green is quite acidic.
What are the benefits of the cherry (acerola)?
The phytonutrients or organic components present in the cherry:
- They provide the body with a sufficient amount of vitamin C.
- As an antioxidant, it allows the aging of our entire body to be delayed by neutralizing free radicals.
- It contributes to the synthesis of collagen, favoring the skin and acting as a sunscreen.
- Protects the joints in cases of suffering from osteoarthritis.
- Helps wound healing.
- Protects blood vessels and acts as a cardiovascular protector; indicated for hypertensive or people with high cholesterol levels.
- Delays the evolution of diseases such as Alzheimer’s or senile dementia.
- Its polyphenol content attracts sugars from food, which lowers blood sugar.
- It stimulates the absorption of iron, thereby fighting anemia.
- It acts as an antihistamine, relieving allergy symptoms.
- It strengthens the immune system and predisposes it against viral infections or bacterial attacks.
Soursop, graviola or catuche, is the fruit of the Annona muricata. A tropical fruit with widely healthy properties; it is also characterized by the pleasure it gives to those who consume it raw, in juices or smoothies.
Not only does the fruit provide benefits; the leaves of the Annona muricata They are used for medicinal purposes, for which they are prepared in the form of an infusion in the domestic treatment of many ills.
Among the components that provide benefits to the body, we can mention vitamin C, calcium, phosphorus and vitamins of the B complex, which make soursop a great promoter of our health.
Some of the benefits that we obtain when consuming or using this fruit of Peruvian origin can be summarized in the following statements:
- Strengthens the immune system.
- It serves in the prevention of infectious or viral diseases.
- Protects the liver and gallbladder by promoting the elimination of toxins and waste.
- Its content of calcium and phosphorus allows it to help in the maintenance of the bone system and teeth.
- It behaves as a powerful antioxidant.
- The B vitamins contained in its pulp make it a great energizer; also helping the proper functioning of the nerves.
Additional benefits are obtained from the leaves of the soursop plant such as:
- Fight Insomnia and nervousness.
- They are boiled or roasted for a few minutes to apply them together with a cloth on the mumps and relieve the discomfort they cause.
- The infusion of these leaves is used to cure the flu, calm the cough, reduce fever and stop diarrhea or vomiting.
The guásimo tree, native to tropical America, is also known by the names of guácima, guásima and caulote. Its fruit, dark brown, hard, round and covered with spikes, once dry has medicinal applications.
Guásimo has various properties, among which are:
- Vulnerary, for its properties to heal wounds and sores. .
- Tonic, as it grants strength, vigor, greater energy.
- Sudorific, that is, it makes you sweat with which substances not beneficial to the body are excreted.
- Lipolytic, since it activates the mobilization of lipids towards tissues where it is needed.
- Febrifuge, for its ability to reduce fever.
- Diuretic, by causing the elimination of water through the urine.
- Digestive, by facilitating the digestion of food.
- Purifying, because it is capable of freeing the blood of our body from impurities.
- Aperitif, by behaving as an appetite stimulant.
- Anti-inflammatory, since it prevents certain substances from causing inflammation in the body.
Other properties of guásimo include:
- The decoction of the fruit, with its emollient and astringent properties, can be used against hemorrhoids, as an antidiarrheal, as a diuretic, to cure colds and flu, and to treat kidney ailments.
- The mucilage is used in the treatment of burns and the beautification of the hair, in addition to preventing hair loss.
- To treat diseases such as gonorrhea, syphilis, malaria and measles, the infusion of the bark of the tree has been used; the cooking of the leaves against diseases of the liver and kidneys, asthma, bronchitis, gonorrhea and fever.
We can call it guama, guaba, paterna, inga or pepeto; the qualities of this plant, native to Venezuela, Colombia, Central America and Peru, will remain the same.
The fruit of the guama, which bears the same names, consists of a thick pod that encloses the seeds covered with a soft pulp, with a very sweet flavor, this being the edible part.
The guama can be eaten in its natural state, once extracted from the pod. However, for some indigenous people it is a source for the preparation of pleasant alcoholic beverages.
While the fruit serves as food, some indigenous communities give the seeds and leaves of the guama medicinal use, using them in cases of diarrhea and rheumatism, in order to alleviate these ailments.